Quality Treatment of Gastroenterology

What is gastroeneterolgy?

Gastroenterology is a branch of medical science that delves into the details of the digestive system's intricate functions that comprise the mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, gallbladder, bile ducts, pancreas, liver, small and large intestines. It deals with an in-depth understanding of how these organs function in moving food through the digestive system (motility) and the role of each organ in digesting food, absorbing nutrients, and eliminating waste material. In a nutshell, gastroenterology is the study of both normal function and disorders of the digestive organs.

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Who are gastroenterologists, and what do they do?

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Gastro refers to “stomach," entero means “intestine," and logist means “specialist. Hence, gastroenterologists are highly specialized medical doctors with expertise in the digestive system and its disorders. They are skilled in comprehending the intricate function of the digestive system and identifying and treating a variety of digestive systems. They perform endoscopic procedures, including colonoscopy and gastroscopy, to view the inside of the digestive tract to detect any abnormality (to examine the inside of the digestive tract for any abnormalities.)

Additionally, a gastroenterologist uses imaging studies like X-rays and ultrasound to carry out biopsies to further establish diagnosis. After establishing a diagnosis, gastroenterologists provide individualized treatment strategies and lifestyle modifications in accordance with each patient’s condition. (After diagnosing a condition, gastroenterologists develop personalized treatment plans and lifestyle recommendations based on the patient’s needs.)

Disorders of the digestive system

Numerous disorders affecting the digestive system and its supporting organs are identified by gastroenterologists, who also diagnose and treat such conditions. These conditions vary from common and relatively minor issues to complex and serious diseases. A few of them are:

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): Regurgitation of the stomach acid into the esophagus that damages it.

Peptic Ulcers: Open sores that develop on the inner lining of the stomach or the upper part of the small intestine.

Gastritis: Inflammation of the stomach lining.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS): A functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by stomach discomfort and irregular bowel movements.

Gastrointestinal Polyps: Abnormal growths in the gastrointestinal tract.

Gallbladder Diseases: Conditions such as gallstones and inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis).

Liver Diseases: Including viral hepatitis (Hepatitis B and C), fatty liver disease, cirrhosis, and liver cancer.

Food Allergies and Intolerances: Including lactose intolerance and fructose malabsorption.

Anal and Rectal Disorders: Including hemorrhoids, fissures, and anal abscesses.

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What are the symptoms of digestive disorders?

It's important to make an appointment with a gastro doctor if you are experiencing persistent or severe symptoms related to your digestive system. (If you're experiencing persistent or severe digestive symptoms, it's important to schedule an appointment with a gastroenterologist.). These symptoms include:

  • Persistent abdominal pain
  • Nausea
  • Vomitings
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Indigestion
  • Blood in stool
  • Heartburn
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Unexplained weight loss
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What to expect from a GI visit

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When you go to a gastroenterologist with any of the above-mentioned, symptoms will start by taking a detailed history of your complaints. He may then perform a physical examination, including abdominal and rectal examinations. During an abdominal examination, the doctor will apply pressure on your abdomen and ask if anything hurts (the doctor will press on your abdomen and inquire if you feel any pain). While during a per rectal examination, your doctor will insert a finger into your rectum. Furthermore, depending on your symptoms and examination findings, your doctor might ask you to undergo additional tests like blood tests, stool tests, x-rays, or ultrasounds. In some cases, when more information is needed, your doctors might need to perform endoscopic procedures, which include upper GI endoscopy, colonoscopy, ERCP, etc. After the diagnostic procedure is over, the medical expert will go through your prospective treatment options with you (discuss your treatment options with you)

Our experts

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